TY - CONF T1 - Blending Ecology and Evolution using Emerging Technologies to Determine Species Distributions with a Non-native Pathogen in a Changing Climate. T2 - Forest Regeneration in Changing Climates Y1 - 2017 A1 - K Waring A1 - Cushman,S A1 - Eckert,A A1 - L Flores-Renteria A1 - R Sniezko A1 - Still,S A1 - Wehenkel,C A1 - AV Whipple A1 - Wing,M A1 - Boes,E A1 - Bucholz,E A1 - Burnett,J A1 - Castilla,A A1 - DaBell,J A1 - Friedline,C A1 - Garms,C A1 - Heck,E A1 - Johnson,J A1 - Leal-Saenz,A A1 - McTeague,B A1 - Menon,M A1 - Moler,E JF - Forest Regeneration in Changing Climates T3 - Forest Regeneration in Changing Climates CY - Corvallis, OR N1 - [Original String]:Waring K., Cushman, S., Eckert, A., Flores Renteria, L., Sniezko, R., Still, S., Wehenkel, C., Whipple, A., Wing, M., Boes, E., Bucholz, E., Burnett, J., Castilla, A., DaBell, J., Friedline, C., Garms, C., Heck, E., Johnson, J., Leal Saenz, A., McTeague, B., Menon M., and Moler E. 2017. Blending Ecology and Evolution using Emerging Technologies to Determine Species Distributions with a Non-native Pathogen in a Changing Climate. Forest Regeneration in Changing Climates, July 11-13, 2017, Corvallis, OR. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - B.A. Adams, and Plant genotype influences aquatic-terrestrial ecosystem linkages through timing and composition of insect emergence. JF - ECOSPHERE e01331 101002ecs21331 DOI 101002ecs21331 Y1 - 2016 A1 - Compson,ZG A1 - Hungate,TG A1 - Whitham,N A1 - Meneses,PE A1 - Busby,T A1 - Wojtowicz,AC A1 - Ford,KJ A1 - Marks,JC VL - 7 IS - 5 N1 - [Original String]:Compson, Z.G., B.A. Hungate, T.G. Whitham, N. Meneses, P.E. Busby, T. Wojtowicz, A.C. Ford, K.J. Adams, and Marks, J.C. 2016. Plant genotype influences aquatic-terrestrial ecosystem linkages through timing and composition of insect emergence. ECOSPHERE 7(5) : e01331. 10.1002/ecs2.1331. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1331 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Bud phenology and growth are subject to divergent selection across a latitudinal gradient in Populus angustifolia and impact adaptation across the distributional range and associated arthropods. JF - Ecology and evolution Y1 - 2016 A1 - Evans,Luke M A1 - Kaluthota,Sobadini A1 - Pearce,David W A1 - Allan,Gerard J A1 - Floate,Kevin A1 - Rood,Stewart B A1 - Whitham,Thomas G AB -

Temperate forest tree species that span large geographical areas and climatic gradients often have high levels of genetic variation. Such species are ideal for testing how neutral demographic factors and climate-driven selection structure genetic variation within species, and how this genetic variation can affect ecological communities. Here, we quantified genetic variation in vegetative phenology and growth traits in narrowleaf cottonwood, Populus angustifolia, using three common gardens planted with genotypes originating from source populations spanning the species' range along the Rocky Mountains of North America (ca. 1700 km). We present three main findings. First, we found strong evidence of divergent selection (Q ST > F ST) on fall phenology (bud set) with adaptive consequences for frost avoidance. We also found evidence for selection on bud flush duration, tree height, and basal diameter, resulting in population differentiation. Second, we found strong associations with climate variables that were strongly correlated with latitude of origin. More strongly differentiated traits also showed stronger climate correlations, which emphasizes the role that climate has played in divergent selection throughout the range. We found population × garden interaction effects; for some traits, this accounted for more of the variance than either factor alone. Tree height was influenced by the difference in climate of the source and garden locations and declined with increasing transfer distance. Third, growth traits were correlated with dependent arthropod community diversity metrics. Synthesis. Overall, we conclude that climate has influenced genetic variation and structure in phenology and growth traits and leads to local adaptation in P. angustifolia, which can then impact dependent arthropod species. Importantly, relocation of genotypes far northward or southward often resulted in poor growth, likely due to a phenological mismatch with photoperiod, the proximate cue for fall growth cessation. Genotypes moved too far southward suffer from early growth cessation, whereas those moved too far northward are prone to fall frost and winter dieback. In the face of current and forecasted climate change, habitat restoration, forestry, and tree breeding efforts should utilize these findings to better match latitudinal and climatic source environments with management locations for optimal future outcomes.

VL - 6 UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&DbFrom=pubmed&Cmd=Link&LinkName=pubmed_pubmed&LinkReadableName=Related%20Articles&IdsFromResult=27386097&ordinalpos=3&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumhttp://www.ncbi. IS - 13 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Biogeochemical and ecological feedbacks in grassland responses to warming JF - Nature Climate Change Y1 - 2012 A1 - Wu,Z A1 - Dijkstra, A1 - GW Koch A1 - B Hungate VL - 2 ER - Error | SEGA

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